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April 2019

Other commonly used disaggregated growth meas

ures are consistent with the top-line measured GDP growth number. For example, production and

supply of electricity, thermal power, gas and water increased by 7.1 percent in the quarter. Pl

us, value-added index of transport, storage and post increased by 7.3 percent.

A closer look at the highest growth sectors shows that the economy is moving toward the long-term goal of shif

ting away from a development strategy based on heavy investment in industry and

infrastructure to one based on services and domestic consumption. Also, more productive industries that tur

n out higher-value added goods are growing at a much faster rate than traditional heavy industry.

Among large companies, State-owned enterprises grew 4.5 percent yea

r-on-year while shareholding enterprises grew almost twice as fast, at 7.8 percent. So, stro

ng progress is being made toward the goal of promoting private enterprise, which was re

inforced by many policies announced at last month’s meeting of the National People’s Congress.

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And, despite ongoing tensions, the total value of impo

orts and exports rebounded sharply in March, reaching 9.6 percent higher than March 2018. S

o, overall trade grew by 3.7 percent year-on-year in the quarter despite low growth rates in January and Febru

ary. Exports of electrical and mechanical products, which are higher value added, grew by 5.4 percent in the qua

rter. And, private sector trade grew 9.9 percent, far more than the overall growth rate.

I am worried to see that total investment in real estate grew by 11.8 per

cent year-on-year. Having lived through the 2008 finan

cial crisis in the United States, I’m wary of continued high investment in real estate in a time when property prices are al

ready astonishingly high and China’s living space per person has already surpassed that in Europe.

The bottom line is that fiscal and monetary policies combined with policies to promote structural transformation have

achieved a stable macroeconomic situation and steady movement toward supply side upgrading.

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Relevant government departments have begun inves

igations into the source of the vaccines to find out whether they were fake vaccines or smuggled in from overseas.

The HPV 9-valent vaccine, only officially available at Boao Super Hospital in the Boao Lech

eng International Medical Tourism Pilot Zone in Hainan since May last year, was developed for women bet

ween the ages of 16 and 26 to deal with diseases like cervical cancer caused by nine types of HPV.

The Boao pilot zone is the first place on the Chinese mainlan

d allowed to import HPV 9-valent vaccines and other drugs without ne

eding central government permission, in line with the nine preferential polices granted to it by the Stat

e in 2013, such as special permissions in importing medical technology, medical equipment and medicine.

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The prize includes two categories, theory and experiment

The 2018 laureates for theory are Juan Ignacio Cirac, David Deutsch, Peter Shor and Peter Zoller,

for their seminal theoretical work on quantum algorithms and physical architectures of quantum com

puters and simulators, while the experimental category prizes went to Rainer Blatt and David Wineland for pio

neering experiments that demonstrated fundamental elements of quantum computing with trapped ions.

The 2019 prizes were awarded to Charles Bennett, Gilles Brassard, Artur Ekert and Stephen Wiesner in the theory category for th

eir work on quantum cryptography, and experimental prizes went to Pan Jianwei and Anton Zeilinger for their grou

ndbreaking experiments that enabled practically secure and large-scale quantum communications.

The awards ceremony will be held on Sept 20, Luo said.

USTC has been leading the world’s quantum information science and techno

ogy development in recent years, with Pan’s team attracting enormous attention from home and abroad.

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They maintained that Belt and Road construction wi

l make positive contributions in implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of the United Nations.

The leaders also pledged to pursue trade and investment liberalization

and facilitation, reject protectionism and unilateralism and uphold the rule-based mul

tilateral system with the World Trade Organization at the center, according to the communique.

Xi told reporters that the consensus reached by the leaders has set the right course for the development of the BRI.

Our shared goal is that we work together to make the interconnectivity among various countries more efficient, foster mo

re robust economic growth, develop even closer international cooperation and enable people to live a better life, he said.

Xi also said BRI cooperation projects will be market-based. To ensure s

ustainable development, the leaders agreed to promote a level playing field for business com

munities and create a nondiscriminatory business environment, he said.

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Xi said China’s moves to boost opening-up follow from

 an independent choice based on the objective need of the country’s reform and development.

This is helpful in promoting high-quality growth, meeting the people’s need

s for a better life and promoting peace, stability and development of the world, he said.

China also hopes that other countries will create a good investment environment, treat Chinese enterpris

es, students and scholars equally and create a friendly environment for their normal international exchange activities, Xi said.

Xi pledged to take stronger measures to promote international cooperation in protecting intellectual pro

perty, which he said is not only crucial to protecting the legal rights of companies but also to promoting high-quality growth.

China will enhance policy coordination with the world’s major economic entities and j

ointly promote the robust, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth of the global economy, he said

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Pledges at forum draw overseas experts’ praise

The international community has hailed President Xi Jinping’s call on Friday to ease market

access for foreign capital and increase imports so that opening-up reaches a higher level.

Xi said in his keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the S

econd Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing that the purpose of buil

ding the Belt and Road is to achieve win-win cooperation and common development.

China will increase its imports of goods and services and will further lower its tariff rates, Xi said.

Francis Chua, chairman emeritus of the Philippine Chamber of Commer

ce and Industry, noted Xi’s emphasis on quality imports and state-of-the-art products.

“China will keep its commitments,” said Chua, who was attending the forum as a member of the Philippine business delegation.

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Production and sales of these firms picked up in Mar

with the aggregated industrial value added expanding by 8.5 percent year-on-year, 3.2 percentage points

higher than that in the January-February period.

Operation revenue jumped by 13.7 percent year-on-year i

n March, 10.4 percentage points more than that in the January-February period.

Stabilizing prices served as another driver of the rebound, according to an NBS analy

sis. The producer prices rose 0.4 percent year-on-year in March, ending a decline for eight months in a row.

The purchasing prices for raw materials edged up 0.2 percent from a ye

ar ago, 0.1 percentage points higher than that in the January-February period.

Preliminary estimates showed that the price changes added 26.8 billion yuan to industrial profits in March, and the cont

ribution of price changes to industrial profit growth rose by 4.5 percentage points from that in the Ja

nuary-February period, said senior statistician Zhu Hong from the NBS’s Industrial Bureau.

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China looks to strike a balance between meeting finan

ancing needs, sustainable development and debt sustainability, according to Finance Minister Liu Kun.

“We will build a high-standard and high-quality financing system to s

upport long-term and sustainable BRI investment while preventing debt risks,” Liu said.

He suggested promoting financing cooperation for projects in

third-party countries, equity investment and attracting more private funding.

Enhancing debt and risk management is a key consideration for deepening BRI financi

ng cooperation, said Yi Gang, governor of the People’s Bank of China, the central bank.

“The debt issue in developing countries should be treated objective

ly. If debt growth is accompanied by infrastructure improvement, enhancement of people’s liveliho

ods and productivity and poverty reduction, it will be beneficial for the sustainability of long-term debt,” Yi said.

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The power of the bill is not limited to within Austra

alia. In fact, any organizations or individuals providing communication services to Australia

are subject to its jurisdiction, whether its “company, server, manufacturing location” is locat

ed in Australia or not. More shockingly, the law imposes an extraordinary duty of confidentiality. The priva

te sector, which assists law enforcement, cannot disclose the details of the instructions it receives, or even the ins

tructions themselves. Otherwise, the violators will be put into prison for up to five years.

In The Spirit of the Laws, Montesquieu warned: “Constant experience shows us that every

man invested with power is apt to abuse it, and to carry his authority as far as it will go.” The bill, with its secrecy, broa

d jurisdiction and powers that can set up “backdoors” of systems, has caused widespread fear among Austr

alians, with many thinking the law has opened “Pandora’s box” of “surveillance states”.

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